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Squint (Correction Surgery)
Squint is the common name for 'strabismus', which is the medical term to describe misalignment of the two eyes so that both the eyes are not looking in the same direction. It typically involves a lack of coordination between the extraocular muscles, which prevents bringing the gaze of each eye to the same point in space and preventing proper binocular vision, which may adversely affect depth perception. Squints are sometimes called 'lazy eye'. The squint may be present all or only some of the time. It may be in one eye only, both or may alternate between the two eyes.
Advanced strabismus is usually treated with a combination of eyeglasses or prisms, vision therapy, and surgery, depending on the underlying reason for the misalignment. Surgery does not change the vision; it attempts to align the eyes by shortening, lengthening, or changing the position of one or more of the extraocular eye muscles and is frequently the only way to achieve cosmetic improvement.
The procedure can typically be performed in about an hour, and requires about a week for recovery. There are 6 different muscles attached to the eyeball. Some of these, usually two, are weakened or strengthened to make the eye straighter. The operation is usually done on the squinting eye, but may be done on the other eye or both eyes. The amount of surgery depends on the angle of squint, which is measured before the operation. Squint surgery is done under a general anaesthetic.
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